The fact whether the Marcel iron was a modification of Maxims device or an original creation is lost in history; so one cannot say for sure who the inventor of the curling wand is. In 1906, a German hair dresser by the name Charles L. Nessler used borax paste and hot irons to curl hair using eight hour long procedures! This was improved upon in 1914, by Eugene Sutter who used 20 heaters to reduce this curling time considerably. By 1920 a Parisian beautician Rambaud claimed to have perfected a system for curling hair, but a more significant invention came in 1945 when a French chemist by the name EugeneSchueller of LOreal laboratories used rods of varying diameters to control the depth and quantity of curls. By 1960, LOreal had also developed its polymer hairspray to hold the curls in place.
In the past, the only way of curling hair was to leave them in bulky rollers overnight. Today, technology has given us tools like the curling wand and curling iron. By using such appliances, busy working women or college students can save time and get great curls without having to visit expensive salons and parlors. A great deal of technology has gone in making the tools of this type. Gone are the days when one ended up damaging their hair due to extremely hot curling iron barrels. Today the negative ion technology has made it possible to have smooth curls without tugging or breaking ones hair.
The history of the curling wand can be traced back to the year 1866 when an American born British citizen by the name Hiram Maxim first obtained the patent for the device. Also, two Frenchmen, Maurice Lentheric and Marcel Grateau could be accredited with first using the concept of applying heated tongs for curling hair, by early 1900. Hair curled in this manner also came to be known as Marcel curls or waves. The device invented by Grateau was called Marcel tongs. The advantage of the Marcel tongs over its predecessors was that it gave longer lasting, and deeper curls.
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