The fact whether the Marcel iron was a modification of Maxims device or an original creation is lost in history; so one cannot say for sure who the inventor of the curling wand is. In 1906, a German hair dresser by the name Charles L. Nessler used borax paste and hot irons to curl hair using eight hour long procedures! This was improved upon in 1914, by Eugene Sutter who used 20 heaters to reduce this curling time considerably. By 1920 a Parisian beautician Rambaud claimed to have perfected a system for curling hair, but a more significant invention came in 1945 when a French chemist by the name EugeneSchueller of LOreal laboratories used rods of varying diameters to control the depth and quantity of curls. By 1960, LOreal had also developed its polymer hairspray to hold the curls in place.
The history of the curling wand can be traced back to the year 1866 when an American born British citizen by the name Hiram Maxim first obtained the patent for the device. Also, two Frenchmen, Maurice Lentheric and Marcel Grateau could be accredited with first using the concept of applying heated tongs for curling hair, by early 1900. Hair curled in this manner also came to be known as Marcel curls or waves. The device invented by Grateau was called Marcel tongs. The advantage of the Marcel tongs over its predecessors was that it gave longer lasting, and deeper curls.
The tanning salons use the most expensive equipments but have the least number of salon equipments. Tanning salons keep tanning beds in their salons depending upon the size of the salon which can be anywhere from one or two to dozen and more. The tanning beds work as a capsule in which the salon client is lied down on a tempered surface and then a cover is pulled down over them. To keep the neck and head propped, a pillow is also provided which allows the face to tan along with the body tan. Other equipments included in the salons require the client to stand in a tan booth which looks like an apparatus.
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